Appreciative Inquiry is a method for solving problems and implementing change by focusing on the positive. It emerged from the work of David Cooperrider and Suresh Srivastva in the late 1980s, and has since been used by businesses, teams and organisations around the world.
The Ai (1) approach is perfectly aligned with the strengths-led approach, thanks to their common focus on what is working well and the application of those insights in new ways to boost execution and performance. In fact, the strengths-led approach can help lift Ai interventions to new heights by adding the dimension of energy and vitality into the mix.
A quick overview of Appreciative Inquiry
The key concepts behind Appreciative Inquiry first occurred to Cooperrider in the 1980s, when his research took him into a client culture that became hostile and negative. The research team decided to pose questions about what was working well for a different company. By asking this question, they shifted the atmosphere, and the idea of Ai was born.
Cooperrider saw Ai as aligned with Peter Drucker’s strengths-based leadership philosophy. In fact, Cooperrider says that “managing and leading change is ALL about strengths: elevating strengths, magnifying strengths, and creating new combinations and chemistries of strengths in ways that propel innovation” (2) and the Ai approach is directly applicable to this style of leadership.
How do I use Appreciative Inquiry?
Ai can be used in any situation where you want to make a change or improvement. It has five key principles, and the 5D cycle for applying the principles to whatever situation you are facing.
The 5 Principles of Appreciative Inquiry
- Constructionist – we create the world we experience through the words we use
- Simultaneity – in asking questions we simultaneously influence the situation we ask about
- Poetic – there are endless opportunities for learning and what we focus on matters
- Anticipatory – we move in the direction of our imagined future; what we focus on today tells us what the future will be like
- Positive – human momentum is powered by positivity, pleasant feelings and social bonds
The 5D cycle of Appreciative Inquiry
Your Ai journey starts with defining the topic of inquiry – what is it that you want more of? It’s important to develop a clear definition, and to phrase it positively. Include purpose, content and what needs to be achieved.
Create a conversation about what is working already, the strengths, successes and periods of excellence you have already experienced. This reminds you what you already have in your toolkit.
Imagine your desired future, using past achievements and successes to remind you of the possibilities. Encourage sharing of hopes, wishes and aspirations.
Weave together the elements from the dream and discover phases. This is joining ‘what we’ve already got’ with ‘what we want to create’
Roll out your design plan to create your desired future, and embed new successes and achievements.
So what's the link between Ai and strengths?
Ai isn’t a replacement for the strengths-led approach any more than strengths can replace the Ai framework. Instead, they complement and enhance one another in a beautiful synergy.
The strengths-led approach guides you to recognise and appreciate your unique strengths “fingerprint”, and to use your insights to driver greater energy, engagement and achievement in your life and work. Ai can turbo-charge your strengths work by helping you imagine and create your ideal future.
And strengths can support the Ai 5D cycle, as both a key element of the Discover phase, and also to support the rollout of the entire 5D cycle. To really amp up your approach to 5D, get an inventory of the strengths across your change team. You’re looking for the things they are great at and that light them up when they use them. Now, assign roles based on which strengths are most suitable, and watch your progress and implementation take flight!
How do I know what my strengths are?
There are many different ways to identify your strengths. The two main approaches I use are The Strengths Deck and Strengths Profile. If you’re interested in finding out more, book your free 30-minute discovery call with me today.
I also write regularly about identifying and working with your strengths. Head over to my Blog page to find more articles and resources, or check out these recent posts:
(1) The abbreviation ‘Ai’ is used here to distinguish ‘Appreciative Inquiry’ from ‘AI’ (the more commonly-understood abbreviation for ‘Artificial Intelligence’).
(2) ‘AI Philosophy – pdf’ from https://www.davidcooperrider.com/sample-page-2/
- Appreciative Inquiry Commons – Champlain College
- Appreciative Inquiry – PositivePsychology.com
- Appreciative Lean Practices – A New Paradigm for Sustainable Performance Improvement – positivechange.com [PDF]